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Overview

Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C are viruses that causes liver disease and inflammation of the liver.

For more information and details on continuing hepatitis research, visit www.aasld.org.

Who gets hepatitis A?
Anyone can get hepatitis A, but those more likely to are people who

  • Travel to developing countries
  • Live with someone who currently has an active hepatitis A infection
  • Use illegal drugs, including noninjection drugs
  • Have unprotected sex with an infected person
  • Provide child care

Also, men who have sex with men are more likely to get hepatitis A.

Who gets hepatitis B?
Anyone can get hepatitis B, but those more likely to are people who:

  • Were born to a mother with hepatitis B
  • Are in contact with blood, needles, or body fluids at work
  • Live with someone who currently has an active hepatitis B infection
  • Have had more than one sex partner in the last 6 months or have a history of sexually transmitted disease
  • Are on kidney dialysis—the process of filtering wastes and extra water from the body by means other than the kidneys
  • Are taking medicines that suppress the immune system, such as steroids or chemotherapy medicines
  • Have lived in or travel often to parts of the world where hepatitis B is common
  • Are from Asian and Pacific Island nations
  • Are infected with HIV or hepatitis C
  • Have injected illegal drugs
  • Work or live in a prison
  • Had a blood transfusion or organ transplant before the mid-1980s

Also, men who have sex with men are more likely to get hepatitis B.

Who gets hepatitis C?
Anyone can get hepatitis C, but those more likely to are people who

  • were born to a mother with hepatitis C
  • are in contact with blood or infected needles at work
  • have had more than one sex partner in the last 6 months or have a history of sexually transmitted disease
  • are on kidney dialysis—the process of filtering wastes and extra water from the body by means other than the kidneys
  • are infected with HIV
  • have injected illegal drugs
  • have had tattoos or body piercings
  • work or live in a prison
  • had a blood transfusion or organ transplant before July 1992
  • have hemophilia and received clotting factor before 1987

Also, men who have sex with men are more likely to get hepatitis C.